There are a lot of totally different ways in which college students are assessed on the data that they be taught in a selected class. In some courses, chances are you’ll obtain a cross or fail, whereas in different courses there is no such thing as a grading in any respect.
Nonetheless, most highschool and faculty courses are evaluated by way of a letter grade, usually from A to F.
Every letter grade could be transformed to a numeric worth and when averaged collectively make up what’s known as a Grade Level Common, or GPA.
As a result of it is useful to know how GPA works as you progress in your educational profession, this put up explores the other ways GPA is calculated: Weighted vs. Unweighted GPA, and Cumulative GPA.
What Is Unweighted GPA?
The only kind of GPA to contemplate is your unweighted GPA. Your unweighted GPA solely takes into consideration the precise grades that you just obtain in every class. You then convert every letter grade right into a numeric worth.
Sometimes an A is value 4 factors, a B is value 3 factors, and so forth, with plus and minus grades receiving a barely greater or decrease rating. From there, multiply every numeric grade worth by the overall variety of credit to get your unweighted GPA.
Here is an instance of a pattern faculty semester that can hopefully make calculating your weighted GPA simpler to know:
With 53.1 GPS factors and 16 complete credit taken, this scholar’s GPA for the semester is 3.32. It is also necessary to notice that even with an unweighted GPA, you continue to weight the grades that you just obtain by the overall variety of credit that every class is value. It’s thought of unweighted as a result of you don’t alter the numeric GPA factors that you just obtain for the issue of the category.
What Is Weighted GPA?
Whereas unweighted GPAs are widespread in faculty and different greater training faculties, many excessive faculties select a weighted GPA. It’s because there are lots of totally different ranges of programs in most excessive faculties, and the workload could be considerably totally different. Most excessive faculties have determined that college students shouldn’t be punished for taking a harder class (and probably getting a decrease grade than they’d have in a extra fundamental model of the category)
Whereas every college can calculate weighted GPA in no matter method they select, one widespread system is so as to add 1.0 level to the numeric worth that you just earn if you happen to’re taking an Superior Placement (AP) class and 0.5 factors if you happen to’re taking an Honors class. For those who take a normal highschool class, your numeric grade is just not modified.
Here is an instance of a pattern highschool scholar’s semester grade, utilizing a weighted GPA and a 1.0 / 0.5 adjustment for AP and Honors courses.
On this instance, has 23.0 GPA factors and 5.5 credit, for a GPA of 4.18. It’s normally through Honors and AP courses that you just would possibly see college students with GPAs above 4.0. Sometimes unweighted GPAs can’t be greater than 4.0.
What Is Cumulative GPA?
One other GPA time period is cumulative GPA. Your cumulative GPA represents your complete GPA over the sequence of a number of totally different phrases or semesters, and could be weighted or unweighted. To calculate your cumulative GPA, you merely add up all the GPA factors that you’ve got collected whereas attending this explicit college, and divide it by the overall variety of credit that you’ve got earned.
It is also necessary to notice you could’t simply take the common of every of your semester GPAs. As a result of you could have a special quantity of credit earned every semester, taking a easy common of the GPAs from particular person semesters won’t produce an correct cumulative GPA. As an alternative, it’s essential to add up the overall variety of GPA factors you’ve got earned and divide that by your complete variety of credit earned.
As you may see, most faculties calculate your grade level common (GPA) as a method of evaluating your efficiency within the courses that you just take, however there are a number of totally different types of GPA. An unweighted GPA would not take into consideration the issue of the category, whereas a weighted GPA could give extra credit score for taking superior courses.
Final however not least, there’s the cumulative GPA, which represents your performance-to-date throughout a number of totally different semesters or phrases. No matter the kind of GPA calculation that is used, doing all your finest in your whole courses will assist to maintain your GPA excessive.